Mines 2012 - Texte et questions
Ci joint vous trouverez un texte et deux questions. C'est un tipe concours! J'ai pas encore traité la seconde, cependant pouvez vous me donnez votre avis pour la 1ere. (tournures grammaticales, astuces, fautes incohérence... de quoi grapiller encore des mots ...toute aide est la bienvenue!)
Je vous remercie par avance.
Will computers replace schoolteachers?
Cash-strapped school districts, from Florida to Washington, have discovered that minimally
supervised students hunched over laptops can outperform their lectured counterparts for a
fraction of the cost.
A broader review of research by the U.S. Department of Education in 2009 discovered that
"students who took all or part of their class online performed better, on average, than those
taking the same course through traditional face-to-face instruction."
As long as schools measure performance simply by rote memorization on multiple-choice
tests, no teacher can compete with instant access to the world's information. Unless schools
change, more and more teachers will find themselves replaced by computers.
Traditional large-class lectures deliver the same material at the same speed to 30 different
young minds. With Internet-based instruction, the pace of learning can be perfectly tailored to
students; they can instantly explore points of confusion, then return to the primary material
without interrupting anyone else. No more teaching to mediocrity and no more ignoring the
least advantaged or the gifted.
Since online teachers are unencumbered by much of the disciplinary and bureaucratic
nonsense of brick-and-mortar schools, they can devote far more time to actual instruction.
Fewer teachers are needed to achieve the same small-class-size effect.
Though teachers like Chris Kirchner of Coral Reef Senior High School in Miami have called
Florida's e-learning labs "nearly criminal" for removing the human component from
instruction, schools teetering on bankruptcy will reasonably look for cheaper solutions to
meet federal funding standards. Simply, interactive websites and textbooks can teach
fractions and the stages of cell reproduction every bit as well as a lecturer.
Traditional instruction dramatically underestimates the percentage of self-starters whose
boundless curiosity has no need for authoritarian direction. In the slums of India, Newcastle
professor Sugata Mitra scattered unsupervised stand-alone Internet stations and challenged
eager children to teach themselves. In mere months, children significantly increased their
math, reading and science knowledge, leading one academic reviewer to conclude that the
shocking results were simply "too good to be true."
Gregory Ferenstein for CNN. June 9, 2011
Question 1: According to the journalist, what are the fields where teachers cannot compete
with computers? Answer the question in your own words. (70-120 words).
Computers are more versatile than teachers. First, their fast let them introduce many lessons to students in short time. Moreover, it is an answer to each need. In fact questions do not prevent other students from being boringed or overtaken. It means that pupils have a specific follow according to their level of understanding.
It is a way for students to learn at their pace, not being boosted or slew down by others.
Besides, computers have move information than being humans (and consecuently than teachers) and thus they can easily answer to student's questionning.
93 words (si je me suis pas plantée dans le comptage ... ^^)
Question 2: With reference to your own school experience, do you think it feasible and/or
advisable to replace face-to-face instruction with Internet-based schooling? (110-200 words).