Anglais - Questions de compréhension

Bonjour,

Voici le texte :

A cycling renaissance is taking place in America.

More and more Americans are taking to the road on two wheels. Between 1977 and 2009 the
total number of annual bike trips more than tripled, while the bike’s share of all trips rose from 0.6%
to 1%. Commuting cyclists have also increased in number, with twice as many biking to work in
2009 as in 2000.

Cities are increasingly vying to be bike friendly. Among them, Chicago wants to become the
most cycle-friendly large city in the country—and has said it will build over 30 miles of protected
cycle lanes this year. At the moment it ranks fifth, according to Bicycling magazine. Ahead of it are
Washington, DC, Boulder, Colorado, Minneapolis and Portland, Oregon. And cycling is growing fast
in all these cities, as it is in New York and San Francisco.

The growth comes thanks to cycle-friendly policymaking and increases in government
spending. In Portland, which brought in a comprehensive programme, cycling levels have increased
sixfold since the early 1990s. In Chicago the motivation is to improve the quality of life, and thus
encourage both businesses and families to move there.

As 48% of trips in American cities are shorter than three miles, there is big potential for
further growth. Yet while the future looks bright, America will struggle to catch up with northern
Europe, where the proportion of local trips done by bike can be as high as 30%.

One reason for this is that car ownership remains far cheaper in America. Another is the
absence of restrictions on car use, which would greatly improve cycle safety. Europeans are far
keener on traffic-calming measures, car-free zones, fewer parking spaces and road “diets”—where
cars are allocated a narrower piece of road. America may be flirting with the bicycle, but it has by no
means ended its long love affair with the car.

The Economist, September 8th 2012

Voici les questions :

Question 1: According to the journalist, what can explain the “cycling renaissance” both in
America and in Europe? Answer the question in your own words. (70-120 words).

Americans have taken care of environnmental issue, so they adopt an eco friendly behaviour. Moreover, theirs destinations are not too far. Thus, they favour bicycle from the others means of transport.

It is a cultural motive for french. It is easier to move with a bicycle than with a car which has many drawback. For instance, the access to car on the road is narrow, there are also few car places to park.


Question 2: In view of our present-day obsession with speed, is the bicycle not an anachronism? Discuss giving precise examples. (110-200 words).

Bon j'ai pas encore réfléchi à cette question, car je peine déjà sur la première...J'ai du mal à atteindre les 70 mots et je pense avoir tout dit!

Merci de bien vouloir m'aider les amis!  roll

2 (Édité par hellsgate2007 15/08/2013 à 14:24)

Anglais - Questions de compréhension

Ashley a écrit :

A cycling renaissance is taking place in America.

More and more Americans are taking to the road on two wheels. Between 1977 and 2009 the
total number of annual bike trips more than tripled, while the bike’s share of all trips rose from 0.6%
to 1%. Commuting cyclists have also increased in number, with twice as many biking to work in
2009 as in 2000.

Cities are increasingly vying to be bike friendly. Among them, Chicago wants to become the
most cycle-friendly large city in the country—and has said it will build over 30 miles of protected
cycle lanes this year
. At the moment it ranks fifth, according to Bicycling magazine. Ahead of it are
Washington, DC, Boulder, Colorado, Minneapolis and Portland, Oregon. And cycling is growing fast
in all these cities, as it is in New York and San Francisco.

The growth comes thanks to cycle-friendly policymaking and increases in government
spending
. In Portland, which brought in a comprehensive programme, cycling levels have increased
sixfold since the early 1990s. In Chicago the motivation is to improve the quality of life, and thus
encourage both businesses and families to move there.

As 48% of trips in American cities are shorter than three miles, there is big potential for
further growth. Yet while the future looks bright, America will struggle to catch up with northern
Europe, where the proportion of local trips done by bike can be as high as 30%.

One reason for this is that car ownership remains far cheaper in America. Another is the
absence of restrictions on car use, which would greatly improve cycle safety. Europeans are far
keener on traffic-calming measures, car-free zones, fewer parking spaces and road “diets”
—where
cars are allocated a narrower piece of road. America may be flirting with the bicycle, but it has by no
means ended its long love affair with the car.

The Economist, September 8th 2012

Voici les questions :

Question 1: According to the journalist, what can explain the “cycling renaissance” both in
America and in Europe? Answer the question in your own words. (70-120 words).

Americans have taken care of environnmental issues (le texte ne parle pas d' "environmental issues", qui est plus ou moins synonyme de "pollution". Votre phrase veut donc dire que les États-Unis ont réglé leurs problèmes de pollution, ce qui est loin d'être avéré), thus adopting an eco-friendly behaviour (pas de "u" à "behavior" si vous voulez américaniser votre texte). Moreover, theirs destinations are not too far (cette phrase ne veut rien dire : vous avez voulu dire "most Americans make very short trips on a day-to-day basis"). Thus, they favour the use of bicycles over the others means of transportation.

It (What is "It"? Il serait préférable de rallonger la phrase pour la rendre plus claire - et plus longue !) is a matter of cultural motive (mot mal choisi, préférez "identity" peut-être) for the French. It is easier to move around on a bicycle than it is with a car, which has many drawbacks. For instance, the narrow roads do not allow for an easy access to cars, there are also few car parking spots available.

J'ai souligné dans le texte d'origine des éléments de réponse supplémentaires que vous pouvez reprendre (avec vos propres mots bien sûr) pour rallonger votre réponse. Je n'ai pas souligné les éléments de réponse que vous aviez déjà relevés dans votre paragraphe.

Je ne suis pas sûr que votre deuxième paragraphe soit "juste". Premièrement, on vous demande de parler de la situation en Europe, et vous ne parlez que de la France. Ensuite, trouvez-vous réellement que les routes françaises soient trop étroites pour favoriser la circulation des voitures ? Que ce pays manque de places de parking ? Et qu'utiliser une bicyclette soit un trait culturel français (en tout cas à notre époque) ?

C'est ce que votre réponse semble dire, alors que le texte d'origine fait simplement une comparaison entre routes européennes et américaines, et indique que les routes européennes sont plus sûres pour les cyclistes (ce qui n'est pas la même chose que de dire que les routes européennes sont pleines d'inconvénients pour les voitures) en raison de leurs aménagements dédiés (pistes cyclables, zones à vitesse régulée...).

J'attends la réponse 2 !

Anglais - Questions de compréhension

Bonjour,

Je suis sincèrement désolée du retard. Je compte le refaire cette semaine, et je te tiens au courant.
Merci encore!

smile